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|More informations is available [[www.gnu.org/philosophy/android-and-users-freedom.html|In the Article written by Richard Stallman]]||More informations is available [[http://www.gnu.org/philosophy/android-and-users-freedom.html|In the Article written by Richard Stallman]]|
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Android is an operating system mainly developed by Google.
While "Android Open Source Project(AOSP)" is Free software,mostly under the Apache 2.0 license it is mostly incomplete and cannot provide a decent user experience on devices without the addition of proprietary libraries(without them you will be unable to use you phone as a phone, the GUI will be slow,GPS and camera won't work etc...), and is nearly never shipped as-is on devices:
vendors usually uses non-free libraries with on top their modified version of Android, which they usually don't release the source code of(because they are not required to do so by the Apache 2.0 license) with on top non-free applications such as the Android market (the only thing they are required to release is the source of the linux kernel they ship),and sometimes the device is even tivoized. As a consequences most devices sold are running non-free software and must be liberated to give the user the freedom he/she requires.
Beside, due to the hardware architecture of some devices using qualcomm System on a chip,liberating may have a very limited effect since the hardware can still spy on you: the modem which is a device which interfaces with the GSM towers always runs non-free software has too much control over the phone.
This page collects information related FSFE's Free Your Android Campaign.
More informations is available In the Article written by Richard Stallman
Free Your Android!
Replicant with the Nexus S
If you have a nexus S the more efficient way to free your device is to install Replicant on it. Replicant takes cyanogenmod and replace or remove the non-free libraries, and ship an android market alternative(named Fdroid) permitting to install only free applications.
The Nexus S is currently the Android phone that respects the most your freedom if used with Replicant(There are other phones that are even better freedom wise(like the openmoko freerunner) but they are not meant for running Android).
- The Modem is isolated and doesn't control the sound card nor the GPS and cannot read/write the Main CPU(the one running Android) memory, and cannot access the main CPU filesystem if used with replicant.
- Wifi and bluetooth functionalites depend on a non-free firmware
- The bootloader is proprietary and partially signed and hard to replace.
- To be able to use the modem(necessary for phone calls) a firmware needs to be loaded in the modem CPU, however such firmware is already present on the storage of the phone, beside loading the firmware ensure that the modem cannot access the main CPU filesystem if used with Replicant.
Replicant with the htc dream or the nexus one
If you have a qualcomm device you should consider buying a Nexus S, but if you can't you should install Replicant on it: The non-free libraries present on theses phones contains spying. Installing replicant which replaces or remove theses libraries ensure that you don't get spyed by theses libraries, however the modem(which is the device that interface with the GSM towers) runs non-free software and controls your "sound card" (think about the implications of non-free software controlling your microphone), your GPS, and can read/write on the main CPU memory. That's why it's a second-choice solution.
Note that the Nexus One requires firmwares for making phone calls while the htc dream doesn't.
The nexus one is compatible with replicant 2.2 and 2.3 while the htc dream is compatible only with replicant 2.2 and below.
If you cannot buy a nexus S and that your phone is not supported by Replicant but is supported by cyanogenmod you should consider installing cyanogenmod, but without installing the google applications and installing FDroid instead. That will ensure that only free software applications will run on top of cyanogenMod which is partially free(it ships non-free libraries).
Note that here is a DRM provider app that you can remove.
The last choice is to install FDroid, it's very easy to do and give access only to free applications.
Note that it doesn't require root permissions and is very easy to install, even without the command line.
Apps That Still Need To Be Liberated
Please add apps here that have no free counterpart, but are important to have on a free system. People can contact the authors of those apps and ask them why they are not Free Software.
Public Transport App (market search)
Menstruation Calendar and Calculator (market search)
- [please add your candidates here]
Responses to Objections We've Heard from App Developers
We already collected objections and responses on FSFE's Free Your Android Campaign. If you know more, please add them here.
- [please add here]
Portions of this page are modifications based on work created and shared by Google and used according to terms described in the Creative Commons 3.0 Attribution License. Android is a trademark of Google Inc.