Germany is a federal state and by this there are different levels of legislative processes. The different laws of the 16 constituent states in Germany need to be in accordance with the national law itself. Otherwise the national law will stand over the law from the constituent state.
* in 2019 CDU's party convention declares open source and open standards for new software purchase as the guiding principle.
The German government actively recommends and promotes usage and procurement of Free Software by public administrations.
* in 2007 the Foreign office moved to the ODF.
* Since 2007, the SAGA 4.0, 2008 recommends that all communications with the federal courts may be transmitted in the ODF format for editable text documents.
Germany has made a point of bringing public services for knowledge and information onto Free Software repositories.